The African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) is a leading international conservation organization that focuses on Africa’s wild lands and wildlife. There are many different ways you can help. Read on to learn more about Species diversity, Endemisms, and Conservation. Ecotourism is another popular way to support conservation in Africa. And don’t forget to check out the African Wildlife Foundation’s website to learn more about their mission. This nonprofit organization works with local communities to protect Africa’s wildlife.

Species diversity

Species diversity in Africa depends on several factors. First, some species go extinct in particular regions. Second, populations of related species may converge, resulting in inbreeding. Third, inbreeding can lead to the development of new species by combining the genetic makeup of two or more parents. And last, some populations may become isolated and become less genetically diverse due to human intervention. Species diversity in Africa is important to conservation efforts, as it allows the continent to withstand climatic changes.

Besides the endemic plants and animals, the continent’s wetlands support a wide variety of animal life. Among these are the Okavango Delta, and the Sudd of the Upper Nile, as well as the deltas of the Congo, Niger, and Zambezi rivers. The loss of freshwater wetlands in Africa is a significant threat to the continent’s economy. The loss of biodiversity threatens human livelihoods and food security and reduces Africa’s resilience to extreme events.


The endemic species of wildlife in Africa are located in a variety of ecosystems, with Eastern Africa having the highest number. These regions are composed of escarpment regions and carotid isotopes. Endemism is also prevalent in Namibia, where most endemic species can be found in the west of the escarpment. The country is also home to the world’s largest concentration of plant species, known as the Cape Floristic Region.

The geographical distribution of endemic species of land snails in south-eastern Africa is supported by both BEA and PAE. The incidence matrix contains 29 land snail species, of which 21 are narrow endemics. The urocyclid family dominates the COEs and has adaptive radiation in narrow ranges. Endemism in this group is widespread across the continent, and urocyclids are a particularly interesting example, with their two narrow endemics found in almost every center.


As Africa’s population grows, so too does the demand for goods and services, including infrastructure, and wildlife habitats. This will undoubtedly place increasing stress on African natural areas. But some signs of increased stress are already evident. For example, Kenya’s Mau Forest contributes to the country’s economy, generating more than US$1.3 billion annually, and it benefits the tea industry, which earns over $163 million a year. Also, the African continent is awash in illegal wildlife trade, which is worth at least $340 million annually to the region.

The African Parks Network currently manages 19 national parks and protected areas spread across 11 countries in Africa, covering 14.7 million hectares. By 2030, they hope to manage 30 parks across the continent. Founded in 2000, the organization has successfully translocated thousands of animals across several African countries. During the last five years alone, AWF translocated 520 elephants to new habitats, including one in Tanzania. This is a remarkable feat for a single organization.


Developing countries like Kenya have embraced wildlife ecotourism and are committed to infusing foreign tourists into their economies. While the continent is vast, Kenya is particularly welcoming to foreign tourists, as it boasts some of the most progressive game laws and a variety of safari companies. These ecotourism enterprises are committed to the preservation of the natural environment and indigenous cultures. They also offer the tourist an excellent opportunity to learn about the ecosystems of the continent and learn about the ways local people live.

The Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA) encompasses 109 million acres and spans four countries – Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It was founded by New Orleans-based entrepreneur London Bechtel, who later died in 1999. KAZA’s mission is to protect wildlife and prevent poaching. Wildlife ecotourism is crucial for preserving this area and its wildlife.